In this lesson, students create visual models to represent equal groups situations. Within the lesson, students will be encouraged to create more abstract visual models that clearly represent the arrangement of objects in equal groups. This lesson begins the transition from working with concrete or named objects to abstract representation, while the focus remains on the structure of multiplication as equal groups. Building on their work in previous lessons, students will translate between real-world or mathematical situations, verbal expressions, multiplication notation, and visual models of equal groups. Translate between verbal descriptions, multiplication notation, and visual models to analyze situations of equal groups and solve problems. Lesson focuses on connecting multiplication situations to a variety of representations.